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Kindergarten Readiness


Kindergarten Readiness refers to a set of skills that are necessary for children to have to be academically, socially and emotionally ready when they begin kindergarten.  Kindergarten used to be more about play and socialization but is now more focused on academics.  Children are expected to have a basic set of skills upon entering kindergarten. Not all children will have mastered every skill, and this is not cause for concern.  The list below should function as a guide for parents when they consider if their child is ready to begin school. 


Academic Skills that most kindergartners have:

  • Speak clearly and be understood by others

  • State full name and age

  • Identify some letters of the alphabet

  • Count to ten or higher

  • Count objects

  • Pretend to read books by memory or by looking at pictures

  • Recognize labels, logos, and store signs

  • Match and sort objects

  • Understand concepts such as under/over,  on/off,  more/less,  small/large

  • Name and/or draw some shapes

  • Enjoy being read to / listening to stories


Social and Emotional Skills:

  • Separate from caregivers without being excessively upset

  • Communicate personal needs and feelings appropriately

  • Play and share with other children

  • Listen to an adult and respond appropriately

  • Attend to an adult-directed task

  • Recognize and respond to the feelings of others

  • Use "please" and "thank you"

  • Follow simple rules, directions, and routines

  • Snap, button, zipper;  remove and put on coat/jacket

  • Cover mouth when coughing or sneezing;  use a tissue

  • Sit at a table to eat unassisted


Language Skills

  • Express needs and wants verbally

  • Speak in complete sentences

  • Use words, not physical action to express emotions such as anger or disappointment

  • Understand and follow two-step directions


Fine Motor Skills

  • Hold pencil/crayon properly

  • Control scissors

  • Trace lines or basic shapes


Gross Motor Skills

  • Run and skip

  • Jump with feet together, balance on one foot

  • Climb stairs with alternating feet

  • Walk backward




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